In December 1884, Allan Octavian Hume, an Englishman and retired civil servant, presided over a private meeting with 17 men after a Theosophical convention in Madras. Hume had to get the approval of the then Viceroy Lord Dufferin to hold the meeting.
The idea of forming the Indian National Congress was conceived in this meeting. At the time of foundation, the party’s objective was to obtain a greater participation for educated Indians in the government and to create a forum where political dialogues among educated Indians and the British Raj could be arranged. Hume’s main purpose was probably to provide a ‘safety valve’ to the growing discontent among the educated Indians.
The first meeting of the Congress was scheduled to take place at Poona (now Pune).
The conference received the unanimous support of all Indian leaders, However, due to a cholera outbreak, the event was shifted to Bombay (now Mumbai).
LEADERS DURING THE FORMATION OF INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS
Other important leaders during foundation of Indian National Congress were Dadabhai Nairoji, Badrudin Tyabji, Aiyyar, Dinshaw Vacha, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Mahadev Govind Ranade, Madan Mohan Malviya, Anand Mohan Bose,R.R.Dutt, Ferozshah Mehta, G.K.Gokhale, G. Subramaniyam.
What was the Approach of Indian National Congress?
From 1885 onwards the INC met every year and its cause spread rapidly among the middle class Indians.
There were 72 members to attend the first session of Indian National Congress.
The approach of Indian National Congress Leaders for first two decades i.e. 1885-1905 was quite moderated and was confided in British justice and generosity.
Due to the repressive measures of the British gave rise to extremists with in congress like Bipin Chander Pal, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and Lala Lajpat Rai, the trio also known as Lal, Bal, Pal along with Aurobindo Ghosh.
Though Indian National Congress Made a very humble beginning, yet it gradually developed in to a powerful organisation. Indian freedom struggle was started with the birth of Indian National Congress
List of President of Indian National Congress-(1885-1948) along with the Place of meeting
Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee
Badruddin Tyyabji (fist Muslim President)
George Yule (first English President)
Sir William Wedderburn
Sir Feroze S.Mehta
A.C Majumdar (Re-union of the Congress)
Annie Besant (first woman President)
Calcutta (Special Session)
Lala Lajpat Rai
Delhi (Special session)
Abdul Kalam Azad (youngest President)
Sarojini Naidu (first Indian woman President)
Motilal Nehru (first All India Youth Congress
J.L. Nehru (Poorna Swaraj Resolution was passed)
Vallabhbhai Patel (Here, resolution on Fundamental
Rights and the National Economic Program was passed)
J.L Nehru (first session in a village)
Subhash Chandra Bose (a National Planning Committed set-up under J.L Nehru).
S.C.Bose was re-elected but had to resign due to
protests by Gandhiji (as Gandhiji supported Dr. Pattabhi Sitaramayya).
Rajendra Prasadwas appointed in his place.
Abdul Kalam Azad
Acharya J.B Kriplani
Dr. Pattabhi Sitaramayya.
Who were the Female Presidents of Indian National Congress?
Name of Female President
Smt. Annie Besant
Smt. Sarojini Naydu
Smt. Nalini Sen Gupta
SELECT OPINION ABOUT INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS
INC represents only a microscopic minorities
Lord Dufferin(Contempporary Viceroy)
INC should distinguished between begging and claiming the rights
Bal Gangadhar Tilak (Extremist Leader)
INC playing with bubbles
Bipin Chandra Pal
INC is a begging institute
Aurobindo Ghosh(Extremist Leader)
The congress is tottering to its fall, and one of my great ambitions, while in Inda, is to assist it to a peaceful demise.