VEDIC PERIOD (1500BC-600BC)
In Indian History Vedic Period is the period between 1500BC to 600BC.
This civilization was developed on the basis of rural economy.
Also known as the period of Aryans(people of Vedic Period)
Many historians believes that Aryan came to India from Central Asia through Khyber Pass which is located at Hindukush Mountains in several stages or waves during 2000 BC-1500BC.
It is indicated in the holy book of Iran ‘Jaind Avaista‘ that Aryan came to India via Iran.
The Vedic Period is mainly divided in to Two parts
1. Rigvedic Period (1500-1000BC)
2. Later Vedic Period (1000- 600BC)
1. Rigvedic Period
-This period is between 1500 BC- 1000BC.
-Early period Rajan was elected by citizens but in later stages it was on hereditary basis.
-In Rigvedic period Kind was not the owner of the land but he was mainly the leader of the wars but cannot be part of Wars personally.
-There is discription about Purohita, Gramini & Senani in Rigveda.
-Death penalty or expulsion from the kingdom to those who kill or harm cows prescribed in Rigveda.
Cheating , theft, burglary, cow stealing were some of the crimes of that time.
Rigvedic Culture was based on family, primarily monogamous and patriarchal. Kulpati had the control and influence in the family, fathers property was inherited by son.
Vocations were given to persons according their interests and ability and the occupations had not become hereditary as they became later on.
Niyoga was there by which widow could marry the younger brother of her deceased husband.
Child marriage was not there but intercaste marriage was present.
Both male and female used to wear ornaments made up Gold, Silver, Bronze, Elephants teeth. and of expensive stones.
Also read – Jainism, Budhism, Vedic Period, Vedic Literature, Indus Valley Civilization
The bronze smiths were very skilled, and developed tools and weapons of superior quality then those of Harappan Culture and astisans like carpenters, weavers cobblers, potters were also there.
Various animals were domesticated.
Distance was measured in in Gavyuti and Godhuli was a measure of Time
Market and money were known but they were not used extensively.
Most of the wars were fought for cows (considered as most important form of wealth) Cattle were also used as currency and the values were counted in heads of cattle . Mans life was counted equivalent to that of 100 Cows. The horse was also important like cows.
Physicians were called Bhishakas.
Indra was the important divinity (breaker of forts-Purandar, god of storm and thunder.). Agni (fire god) and Varuna were also popular deities.
People of this time did not believe in erecting temple or idol worship. Worship was done through Yajnas.
2. LATER VEDIC PERIOD