Indus Valley Civilization/Harappan Civilization
In the beginning of Twentieth Century historians thinks Vaidik Culture was the ancient culture. But after the excavation of Indus/Harrappa Civilization in the third decade of twentieth century it was proved that there was Civilization before the Vaidik Culture.
It is also known as Harrappan Civilization because the remains of this civilization was firstly found in the place named Harrapa and mainly was situated at the bank of Indus river.
The most accepted period of this civilization is 2500BC-1750BC according to Carbon-14 dating.
This civilization can be counted in Protohistoric age or Bronze Age and mainly Dravidians were living in this civilization.
Rai Bahadur Dayaram Sahni (RD Sahani) was the First who excavated the remains of Harrappa Civilization in 1921 and Rakhal Dass Banerji excavated Mohenjodaro in 1922. Consequent upon these excavation Director General of Archaeological Survey General John Marshal declared the excavation of Indus Valley civilization.
This civilization was spread in Punjab, Sind, Baluchistan, Gujrat, Rajasthan, Jammu and Western UP.
Town Planning of Civilization
The mostly found figurine is of Mother Goddess(Matridevi) or Shakti. There is the evidence of prevlance of Yoni (female sex organ)worship.